Yearly Current Affairs For OAS Prelims 2019: July to December 2019

Sanna Marin

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JULY 2019

Pakistan opens Tej Singh Temple

On the demand of local Hindus, the Pakistan government has opened Teja Singh temple which is believed to be 1,000-years-old. This Hindu temple located in Sialkot was closed since partition. The temple was closed as there was no Hindu population residing in that area. Renovation and maintenance work has been started by the government.

India and Russia sign Rs 1,5000 crore deal to buy R-27

In order to boost the Army morale and capabilities, the government of India has signed with Russia to acquire R-27 missiles. The deal is worth around Rs 1,500 crore. These air-to-air missiles will be equipped on the Su-30MKI combat aircraft to take on enemy aircraft at long ranges. The Central government has given powers to all the three forces to buy whatever equipment is required for safeguarding the borders with Pakistan.

First IAF pilot does a wingsuit skydive jump

Air force pilot Wing Commander Tarun Chaudhri becomes the first IAF pilot to do a wingsuit skydive jump. He achieved the feat on the Kargil Diwas celebrations at Air Force Station in Jodhpur. He had taken a jump from a Mi-17 helicopter from an altitude of 8,500 feet.

Hima Das appointed as first ever youth ambassador

Asian Games gold-medallist sprinter India’s Hima Das was appointed as first-ever youth ambassador of UNICEF India. Hima Das was the first Indian athlete to win a gold medal in track event at IAAF World U20 Championships held in Tampere, Finland. UNICEF India along with central government works for the betterment of children of the country.

Vidhisha Balan becomes the first Indian to won Miss deaf world title

Muzaffarnagar’s Vidisha Baliyan has become the first Indian to win Miss Deaf World Title. Student of Asian Academy of Film & Television is also a former international tennis player and she has represented India in the Deaflympics and won a silver medal in it


International Day against Nuclear Tests

The International Day against Nuclear Tests was observed on August 29. The aim of the day is to create awareness about the effects of nuclear weapon test explosions and achieve the goal of a nuclear-weapon-free world. It was established in 2009

Mary Kom as the best athlete

Padma Bhushan awardee Mary Kom has become the best female athlete in the world. Asian Sportswriters Union had organized the ‘Awards for Asia’ for the first time. She has received this on the basis of her exceptional performance in the Asian women boxing. Mary Kom is the only woman boxer who has proudly won medals in seven world championships.

12th Security Summit in New Delhi

Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India had organized the 12th India Security Summit in New Delhi recently. This summit is in collaboration with the Ministry of Communications & IT. The theme of this edition of the summit was “Towards New National Cyber Security Strategy”.

World’s first Biometric Seafarer Identity Document

India has become the first country in the world to start the use of Biometric Seafarer Identity Document. This technology will help in getting the correct information of the sailors and their whereabouts. There are approx 208799 seafarers employed in the shipping sector.

National Sports Day & Khel Ratna Award

To mark the birth anniversary of the legendary hockey player, Major Dhyan Chand, the National Sports Day is observed every year on 29 August. This day stresses on need to stay fit and healthy. On this day, President of India honors eminent sports personalities with major awards including Khel Ratna, Arjuna Awards, Dronacharya Awards, and Dhyan Chand Award. Wrestler Bajrang Punia and Rio Paralympics silver medalist Deepa Malik has been nominated for the Khel Ratna award.


Pandit Jasraj becomes the first artist to have a planet named after him

A minor planet between Mars and Jupiter has been named by the International Astronomical Union(IAU) after an Indian classical singer “Pandit Jasraj”. He is the 1st Indian musician to receive this honour. The planet was discovered on November 11, 2006.

Water discovered on a potentially habitable super-Earth!

Scientists have found water in the atmosphere of a potentially habitable super-Earth. The exoplanet, named K2-18b, is twice the size and eight times the mass of Earth.It is the first planet outside the solar system in the habitable zone of its star. The exoplanet also lies within the habitable zone of its star, which means it will have the right temperature for liquid water to exist on the surface of the planet and potentially support life.

Somnath Temple declared ‘cleanest temple’ under Swach Bharat Mission

Somnath temple in Gujarat has been declared the cleanest temple in the country under the Union government’s Swachh Bharat Mission.

New Delhi hosts the 1st National Conference on Cyber Crime Investigation

CBI Director Rishi Kumar Shukla inaugurated the 1st National Conference on Cyber Crime Investigation on 4th September 2019. The two-day conference covers one of the mandates of CBI which is to investigate crimes with inter-state and international ramifications.

Qatar to host FIFA World Cup 2022

FIFA world cup 2022 will be hosted by the Gulf emirate and preparations are in full swing. The official logo of Qatar 2022 FIFA world cup has been unveiled in the capital Doha recently. Qatar celebrated the release of the 2022 world cup logo by displaying in its public space in Doha and cities around the world.


Guinness World Record for Ayodhya

The Indian city of Ayodhya on 26th October set a Guinness world record by lighting hundreds of thousands of earthen lamps as part of an annual Hindu festival, Diwali.

India, Nepal and Bhutan to create a trans-boundary wildlife conservation park

India, Nepal and Bhutan have signed a MoU to create the trans-boundary wildlife conservation ‘peace park’.

‘Tamanna’: CBSE, NCERT’s aptitude test for Class 9, 10 students

Under the supervision of Union Ministry of Human Resource Development, the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) and National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) have launched an online aptitude test ‘Tamanna’ (Try And Measure Aptitude And Natural Abilities) to help students make right career choices. It is an aptitude test for Class 9 and Class 10 students to enable them to make a better choice of subjects in Class 11 and 12.

Engineers develop a new Catalyst to Convert Carbon Dioxide into Natural Gas

A new catalyst has been developed by the Engineers at Stanford University which will help to transform carbon dioxide from cars into fuels like propane or natural gas. Scientists developed this new catalyst by combining ruthenium and iron oxide nanoparticles. The ruthenium nuggets sit in the core of the catalyst surrounded by an outer sheath of iron. This arrangement activates the hydrocarbon formation from Carbon-Dioxide.

11th Nuclear Energy Conclave held in New Delhi

11th Nuclear Energy Conclave was organized in New Delhi by India Energy Forum. The conclave was inaugurated by the Union Minister of State for the development of North Eastern Region, Minister of State Atomic Energy and Space, Prime Minister’s Office and Personnel, public grievances and pensions.


Rajya Sabha passed The Transgender (Protection of Rights) Bill 2019

The transgender Bill defines the person as one whose gender does not match the gender that was assigned at birth. Rajya Sabha passed the Bill on November 26, 2019, without any amendments. The bill was passed through a voice vote. Lok Sabha had passed the bill on August 5th this year. The bill was moved in the upper house by Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment, Thaawarchand Gehlot. The bill aims to protect the rights of transgender persons by giving them due to recognition and making welfare provisions for them. The bill will be sent to the President for assent, after which it will become a law.

Jon Rahm won 2019 World Tour Championship in Dubai

Jon Rahm edged out Tommy Fleetwood to take home the DP World Tour Championship in Dubai.This comes two years after Fleetwood had edged out Rahm. This championship will add Five Million Dollars to his prize money.

Pakistan is the First Country to introduce WHO-approved India made Typhoid Vaccine

The Vaccine will be used in southern Sindh province because, since 2017, more than 10,000 cases of Typhoid were documented in this area. Indian vaccines and Biotherapeutics Manufacturer, Bharat Bio-Tech received a Pre-Qualification tag from WHO for the TPV.

First-ever International Buyer-Seller meet was held in Arunachal Pradesh

Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA) in guidance of Department of Commerce, Ministry of Commerce and Industry organized Country’s first-ever international buyer-seller meet on Agriculture & Horticulture produce in Itanagar, Arunachal Pradesh, on 14-15 November 2019. The meeting was inaugurated jointly by Tage Taki, Minister of Agriculture and Horticulture, Government of Arunachal Pradesh and Bidol Tayeng, Chairman, APEDA and Secretary, Agriculture and Horticulture, Government of Arunachal Pradesh.

World’s first CNG port terminal

Gujarat Infrastructure Development Board headed by Chief Minister Vijay Rupani. Has provided the approval to establish World’s first CNG port terminal at Bhavnagar port. In the Vibrant Gujarat Summit held in January 2019, he Gujarat Maritime Board (GMB) had signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with UK-based Foresight Group to set up this port terminal at Bhavnagar.

Gujarat Maritime Board (GMB) manages the existing port at Bhavnagar

Foresight Group and Mumbai-based Padmanabh Mafatlal Group will jointly build the terminal. INR 1,900 crore will be invested in this project. Out of which INR.1,300 crore will be invested in 1st phase and INR 600 crore in the 2nd phase. The proposed CNG terminal will have a cargo capacity to handle of 1.5 million metric tonnes per annum (MMTPA) and will also develop facilities such as liquid cargo terminal, Ro-Ro terminal, and container terminal.


Tripura Gets First SEZ

The Government of India approved the first SEZ (Special Economic Zone) at Sabroom, Tripura in October 2019. The SEZ will primarily focus on agro-based food processing it was announced recently. The Government of India is expected to invest around Rs 1550 crore in this project.

First Biosimilar medicine to treat breast cancer

On December 18, 2019, the World Health Organization(WHO) launched its first biosimilar medicine to treat breast cancer. The WHO intends to make expensive cancer treatment and, life-saving treatment affordable for women all over the world.

Star named After Indian Woman Scientist by International Astronomical Union

The International Astronomical Union (IAU) named a white-yellow star in the Sextans Constellation as “Bhibha” and its planet as “Santamasa”. The star has been named Bhibha honouring Indian Woman Scientist Bhibha Choudhury who discovered subatomic particle pi-meson.

International Tea Day observed

International Tea Day is observed every year on December 16th. This day is being celebrated since 2005. The day is celebrated in most tea producing countries like India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Vietnam, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Malawi, and Malaysia.

Maharashtra has highest employable talent

The Confederation of Indian Industry(CII) and the All India Council for Technical Education(AICTE), United Nations Development Program(UNDP) and Association of Indian University (AIU) jointly released the India Skills Report on 9 December 2019. The report brings to light the employability of people living in various states of the country. The report also ranked the cities of different states on the availability of employment. The report was prepared on the basis of a survey done that assessed 300,000 candidates from 35 educational institutes across 28 states and 9 union territories. As per the report Maharashtra topped the list with the highest employable talent.

Sanna Marin becomes world’s youngest serving prime minister

Sanna Marin is to become the Prime Minister of Finland. The 34-year-old Sanna Marin was selected by her Social Democratic Party of Finland to become the country’s youngest ever Prime Minister. She will take over from the outgoing leader Antti Rinne. Sanna will be the youngest head of state in the country’s history. She has earlier served as Minister of Transport in Finland.

Girish Chandra appointed as the new chairman of NSE

The National Stock Exchange (NSE) has appointed Girish Chandra Chaturvedi as its new chairman. He was appointed chairman after the approval of markets regulator Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI). The post of NSE Chairman was lying vacant since January 2019 due to the fact that the then incumbent chairman of NSE Ashok Chawla had to resign as charges of corruption were levelled against him in the Aircel-Maxis case. This is a case of alleged corruption in the grant of the Foreign Investment and Promotion Board (FIPB) clearance in the Aircel-Maxis deal.

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