Soils of India

Soil is the most important layer of the earth’s crust. It is a valuable resource. Soil is the mixture of rock debris and organic materials which develop on the earth’s surface. The major factors affecting the formation of soil are relief, parent material, climate, vegetation and other life-forms and time. Besides these, human activities also …

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Natural Vegetation of India

Natural vegetation refers to a plant community which has grown naturally without human aid and has been left undisturbed by humans for a long time. This is termed as a virgin vegetation. Thus, cultivated crops, fruits and orchards form part of vegetation but not natural vegetation. The term flora is used to denote plants of …

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Physical Features of India

2.1. Geological Divisions of India Based on the variations in its geological structure and formations, India can be divided into three geological divisions as follows: The Peninsular Block The Himalayas and other Peninsular Mountains Indo-Ganga-Brahmaputra Plain. 2.1.1. The Peninsular Block The northern boundary of the Peninsular Block may be taken as an irregular line running …

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