Indian Polity-II

OAS Prelims Complete Study Material Series Book-9: Indian Polity-II Contents Indian Judiciar Local Bodies Parliamentary Committee Emergency Provisions Centre- State Relations Political Parties and Elections Constitutional and Non-Constitutional Bodies Disclaimer This study material is specially designed for various courses of OAS Prelims offered by OBJECTIVE IAS. The main objective of this book is to acquainted …

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Constitutional and Non-constitutional Bodies

Constitutional Bodies Election Commission Article 324 deals with the Election Commission. It provides that the power of superintendence, direction and control of elections to parliament, state legislatures, the office of President of India and the office of vice-President of India shall be vested in the election commission. It is a permanent and an independent body. …

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Political Parties and Elections

Political Parties Political parties are voluntary associations or organised groups of individuals who share the same political views and who try to gain political power through constitutional means and who desire to work for promoting the national interest. There are four types of political parties in the modern democratic states, viz., Reactionary parties which cling …

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Center -State Relations

The distribution of powers is an essential feature of federalism. A federal constitution establishes the dual polity with the Union at the centre and the States at the periphery, each endowed with the sovereign powers to be exercised in the field assigned to them respectively by the constitution. The state is not subordinate to the …

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Emergency Provisions

The Emergency provisions are contained in Part XVIII of the Constitution, from Articles 352 to 360. This Part of the Constitution was added to help the Central Government to maintain the essence of the Constitution during abnormal situations. During an Emergency, the federal structure of the constitution turns unitary. The Constitution highlights three types of …

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