Prime Misnister in the interim Budget 2019 launched the Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (PM Kisan) programme to provide assured income support to small and marginal farmers. The programme appears to be largely based on the lines of Krushak Assistance for Livelihood and Income Augumentation (KALIA) scheme of Odisha Government.
Both the programme provide an alternative to the fiscally imprident loan waivers by ensuring direct income for the farmers and, in a way, effecting minimum income guarantee for a large section of the population.
However, as both the schemes are being viewed in the context of forth coming General Elections, the catch lies in proper implementation and delivering benefits to the farmers. Let’s compare them….
|Direct income support of Rs 6000 per year for small and marginal farmers having land up to 2 hectares||Direct income support of Rs 10000 per year for small and marginal farmers having land up to 5 acres. Spread over two and half years, individual beneficiaries will get Rs 25000.|
|Around 12 crore farmers to be included across the country. Schemes limited to only landholding farmers. Nothing about landless farmers, share croppers and agricultural laborers.||Stands apart in inclusiveness, covers all farmers including landless farmers, sharecroppers and agricultural laborers. To benefit 92 pc of all farmers of Odisha|
|To be transferred directly to farmers accounts in three equal installments of Rs 2000 each. Specifics of the cycle of payments to be defined.||Rs 10000 income support to be disbursed in two installments per year during Rabi and Kharif seasons for landholding farmers. Financial assistance of Rs 10000 per year for landless, agricultural laborers and vulnerable farmer households. Rs 12500 for landless agricultural household for allied activities including livestock and fisheries.|
|Annual expenditure of Rs 75000 crore; Rs20000 crore allocated for disbursal of first installment||Rs10180 crore earmarked for KALIA over three years.|
|To be effective from December 1, 2018; First installment to be paid before March 31, 2019||Already under implementation. First installment transferred to accounts of over 13 lakhs farmers.|
|The roadmap of beneficiary’s selection and transfers yet to be defined. Massive backend exercise needed for this.||Robust scientific process for identifying actual and eligible beneficiaries along with smooth transfers.|
|Interest subvention of 2 pc for farmers pursuing animal husbandry and fisheries through Kisan Credit Card; additional 3 per cent subvention for timely repayment||Crop loan up to Rs 50000 at zero pc interest to reduce agricultural debt burden on farmers|
|For all farmers affected by natural calamities, interest subvention of 2 pc and prompt repayment incentive of 3 pc on re-scheduling of loans.||Comprehensive social security through life insurance and personal accident cover of Rs 2lakh each for every farmer.|