Today (23 January) is the birth anniversary of freedom fighter Subhash Chandra Bose aka Netaji. If anyone asks you what was the name of India’s first Prime Minister? So you will say that the first Prime Minister of the country was Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. The students of the smallest schools and the biggest universities of India will answer this because this history has been taught in school books in India since childhood. But this is not completely true.
Subhash Chandra Bose had formed the first Azad government. The
truth is that even before Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India, the first Prime Minister, was Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose. Perhaps you are not convinced on this matter. But it is not your fault. Governments in independent India recognized only certain types of historians. These historians hid many important events related to the history of India from you. Subhash Chandra Bose was the Prime Minister, Foreign Minister and Defense Minister of India’s first independent government. But this thing was never told to you.
Modi government gave recognition to Azad government
Modi government celebrated the 75th anniversary of India’s first Azad government on 21 October in the year 2017. This government is called ‘Azad Hind Sarkar’. This government was formed on October 21, 1943.
This means that the Government of India has given recognition to the Azad Hind government established by Subhash Chandra Bose. On this occasion, Prime Minister Narendra Modi visited the Red Fort and inaugurated the Azad Hind Fauz Museum there.
Apart from this, Prime Minister Narendra Modi visited Andaman and Nicobar on 30 December 2017. Because about 77 years ago, on 30 December 1943, Subhash Chandra Bose hoisted the tricolor for the first time in Andaman and Nicobar. This tricolor belonged to the Azad Hind Fauj. And this was the first sign of independence on Indian soil.
The Second World War had descended
Azad Government The establishment of the first Azad Government of India and it was announced by Subhash Chandra Bose on 21 October 1943. Soon after this announcement, on 23 October 1943, the Azad Hind government landed in the second world war. Prime Minister of Azad Hind government, Subhash Chandra Bose, had declared war against Britain and America.
9 countries had given recognition to Azad government, at
that time the governments of 9 countries had given their recognition to the government of Subhash Chandra Bose. Japan recognized the Azad Hind government on 23 October 1943. After that, Germany, Philippines, Thailand, Manchuria, and Croatia also gave their recognition to the Azad Hind government. The Azad Hind government, along with the Government of Japan, had planned to enter Northeast India via Myanmar. Subhash Chandra Bose made Rangoon, the capital of Burma, its headquarters, when it was occupied by Japan. On 18 March 1944, the Azad Hind Fauj of Subhash Chandra Bose set foot on Indian soil. And that place is now known as Kohima, the capital of Nagaland.
Subhash Chandra Bose, who was the Prime Minister in Azad Government,
had no shortage in the bravery of Azad Hind Fauj. But for two major reasons, the Azad Hind Fauj of Subhash Chandra Bose could not move ahead of Kohima. The first reason is that this war was being fought in the jungles. Then it was the month of July and due to heavy rains it was difficult for the army to move forward. The other big reason was that Azad Hind Fauj did not have Air Support. The British Army had combat aircraft, in front of which soldiers of Azad Hind Fauj were forced.
Subhash Chandra Bose was the first Prime Minister, Defense Minister and Foreign Minister of the Azad Hind government. Lieutenant Colonel AC Chatterjee was the Finance Minister of the Azad Hind government. SA Iyer Azad was the Publicity Minister of the Government of India. Ras Bihari Bose was made advisor to the Azad Hind government. While establishing this government, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose took an oath that ‘I take a holy oath in the name of God that I will liberate India and its 38 crore people’.
The Azad government had decided to the tricolor. The national flag
Azad Hind government had decided that the tricolor flag would be the national flag of India. The public song of world famous litterateur Ravindra Nath Tagore will be the national anthem of India. And people will use Jai Hind to greet each other.
Even after the alleged death of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, the intelligence agencies of Britain and America kept searching for him all over the world. This was the period when baton sticks on the priests of non-violence were very dear to the British. But Subhash Chandra Bose worked on the policy of taking blood for blood.
Netaji did not get the Bharat Ratna till date.
It was a blood-stained battle waged by Subhash Chandra Bose, in which more than 45 thousand soldiers of the British army were killed. In the war of Burma, the British army was trapped in the Chakravyuh of Subhash Chandra Bose in such a way that more than 10 thousand soldiers of the British army fell ill. In this battle, more than 3 thousand soldiers of the US Army also died.
But it is very sad that even today Subhash Chandra Bose was not given the respect he deserved. It is very surprising that some leaders of our country have honored themselves with Bharat Ratna during their tenure as Prime Minister. But Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose has not been given the Bharat Ratna till date. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was awarded the Bharat Ratna in the year 1955 and was the Prime Minister of India at that time. Indira Gandhi was awarded the Bharat Ratna in the year 1971 and she was also the Prime Minister of India at that time. Soon after his death, Rajiv Gandhi was also given the Bharat Ratna. But till date Subhash Chandra Bose did not get this honor.