Harappan Civilization: Town Planning

The most important urban feature of Harappan civilization is its town-planning which is marked by considerable uniformity, though there was some regional variations also. The uniformity is noticed in the lay-out of the towns, streets, structures, brick size, drains, etc.

A Harappan City (Constructed Image)

Important Features

  1. Grid system of town Planning
  2. Citadel ( for administrative and religious purpose) and lower town ( residence of common people)
  3. large-scale use of burnt bricks and absence of stone buildings
  4. Houses had many rooms with a square courtyard, private wells, kitchens and bathing space
  5. Well laid out underground drainage system

Important Points to remember

  1. Almost all major sites lik Harappa, Mohenjodaro, Kalibangan, etc had its own citadel built on a higher mound on the western side which contains large structures. Below citadel in each city a lower town containing brick houses, on the eastern side of the settlement and it was inhabited by the common people
  2. At cities such as Dholavira and Lothal, the entire settlement was fortified, and sections within the town were also separated by walls. The citadel within Lothal was not walled off but was built at a height.
  3. Another remarkable feature was well laid out underground drainage system connecting all housed to street drains which were covered with manholes with brick or stone slabs were constructed at regular intervals by the streets for cleaning.

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