Current Affairs for OAS Prelims 2020: Science and Technology

June 2020

  • NASA astronauts Robrt Behnken and Douglas Hurley docked the SpaceX capsule with the International Space Station (ISS). SpaceX’s Falcon 9 with Crew Dragon capsule – Endeavour launched from Pad 39A at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center, Cape Canaveral, Florida. Now SpaceX became the first private company to fly astronauts into orbit.
  • A disinfection unit named as “Ultra Swachh” has been developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) to disinfect a wide range of materials such as electronics items, fabrics, Personal Protective Equipment (PPEs) etc.
  • Used mask disposal device based on Internet of Things (IoT) “BIN-19” and UV light-based multipurpose disinfector “UV SPOT” has been launched in Kerala by VST Mobility Solutions.
  • A robot named as ‘Coro-bot’ has been developed by an engineer Pratik Tirodkar from Thane district of Maharashtra, in order to reduce the physical contact of care-givers with COVID-19 patients.
  • UVC-based Cabinet has been co-developed by the International Advanced Research Centre for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials (ARCI) and the MEKINS Industries. It will disinfect non-critical hospital items, laboratory wear, and PPEs in order to prevent surface contamination of COVID 19.
  • Magnetocaloric material, a rare-earth-based material that can be effectively used for cancer treatment, has been developed by scientists at the International Advanced Research Centre for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials (ARCI).
  • ISRO has signed an agreement with Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES) for cooperation in the field of Space Situational Awareness (SSA) and Astrophysics.
  • Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has received a patent for its Liquid Cooling and Heating Garment (LCHG). LCHG is a protective garment for human spaceflight.
  • IIT-Bombay has created Indian beneficiary chip “Dhruva”. This chip can be utilized in cell phones and route gadgets to discover locations and route inside the nation. Dhruva will get signals from India’s NAVIC group of navigation satellites just as the US Global Positioning System-based satellites to decide these precisely under every single climate condition.
  • Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has approved the establishment of Indian National Space Promotion and Authorization Centre (IN-SPACe).
  • NASA has announced that its headquarters in Washington, D.C., will be named after Mary W. Jackson, one of its history-making engineers.
  • GermiBAN, a device capable of killing 99.9% of surface and air microbes, has been launched. The device has been developed by Atal Incubation Centre & Association of Lady Entrepreneurs of India (ALEAP) Women Entrepreneurs (WE) HUB. It would be useful for quarantine centres, isolation wards, hospitals and all general places for killing viruses like coronavirus.