Current Affairs for OAS Prelims 2020: Science and Technology

May 2020

  • The Defence Institute of Advanced Technology, Pune has developed microwave steriliser named as “ATULYA” to disintegrate the COVID-19 virus with the help of differential heating.
  • Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, CSIR’s Scientific Instruments Organisation, Chandigarh has developed an Electrostatic Disinfection Machine which is effective in the disinfection and sanitization and has been developed to fight with COVID-19 pandemic.
  • 17-year-old, Indian-origin girl, Vaneeza Rupani has been honoured of naming the NASA’s 1st Mars helicopter ‘Ingenuity’. she submitted her essay into NASA’s “Name the Rover” contest.
  • An Ultra Violet (UV) Disinfection Tower has been developed by the Laser Science & Technology Centre (LASTEC), a premier laboratory of Defence Research and Development Organisation. It has been developed to achieve rapid and chemical free disinfection of high infection prone areas.
  • Bharat Dynamics Ltd. (BDL) has inked pact with IIT Kanpur to make large-scale ventilators developed by NOCCA Robotics (incubated start-up of IIT Kanpur).
  • Indian Council for Medical Research (ICMR) has tiedup with Bharat Biotech to develop indigenous COVID-19 vaccine.
  • DRDO’s Research Centre Imarat lab, Hyderabad has developed an automated contactless UVC sanitization cabinet named Defence Research Ultraviolet Sanitiser (DRUVS) to sanitise mobile phones, iPods, laptops, currency notes, cheque leafs etc.
  • India’s first indigenous antibody testing kit “ELISA” has been successfully developed by the National Institute of Virology, Pune. It consists of a blood test whict detects antibodies in the blood to find out if an individual was infected with COVID-19 infection or not. Hence, the test has been named as “COVID KAVACH ELISA”.
  • A Non Invasive BiPAP Ventilator “SwasthVayu” has been developed by CSIR-National Aerospace Laboratories, Bangalore to treat COVID-19 patients.
  • The Sundaram Ventago is a low-cost, automated respiratory assist device which has been developed jointly by the TVS group, Sundaram Medical Foundation and IIT-Madras.
  • An interactive dashboard “MIR AHD Covid-19 Dashboard” has been developed by the researchers at IIT Gandhinagar, to provide key information to stakeholders and the public in order to make research-backed decisions during the time of crisis.
  • International Advanced Research Centre for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials (ARCI) and Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute of Medical Sciences and Technology (SCTIMST), Thiruvananthapuram have jointly developed new generation IronManganese based alloys for biodegradable metal implants for use in humans.
  • Two mobile indoor Disinfection Sprayer units namely Pneumatically Operated Mobile Indoor Disinfection (POMID), and Battery Powered Disinfectant Sprayer (BPDS) have been developed by  the scientists at CSIR-Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute (CMERI), Durgapur.
  • An accelerator programme branded as “H.A.C.K” has been launched by the Karnataka’s Centre of Excellence in cyber security (CySecK).
  • NASA has renamed its next-generation space telescope “Wide-Field Infrared Survey Telescope (WFIRST)”, which is set to launch in 2025, in honour of Nancy Grace Roman.