Constitutional and Non-constitutional Bodies

Constitutional Bodies Election Commission Article 324 deals with the Election Commission. It provides that the power of superintendence, direction and control of elections to parliament, state legislatures, the office of President of India and the office of vice-President of India shall be vested in the election commission. It is a permanent and an independent body. …

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Political Parties and Elections

Political Parties Political parties are voluntary associations or organised groups of individuals who share the same political views and who try to gain political power through constitutional means and who desire to work for promoting the national interest. There are four types of political parties in the modern democratic states, viz., Reactionary parties which cling …

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Center -State Relations

The distribution of powers is an essential feature of federalism. A federal constitution establishes the dual polity with the Union at the centre and the States at the periphery, each endowed with the sovereign powers to be exercised in the field assigned to them respectively by the constitution. The state is not subordinate to the …

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