C. Rajagopalachari

It was a proposal formulated by Chakravarti Rajagopalachari to solve the political deadlock between the All India Muslim League and the Indian National Congress on the independence of British India.

It was a tacit acceptance of the League’s demand for Pakistan. Gandhi supported the formula. Although the formula was opposed, even within the Congress party, Gandhi used it as the basis of his proposal in talks with Jinnah in 1944. However, Jinnah rejected the proposal and the talks failed.

The main points in CR Plan were:

1. Muslim League to endorse Congress demand for independence.

2. League to cooperate with Congress in forming a provisional government at centre.

3. After the end of the war, the entire population of Muslim majority areas in the North-West and NorthEast India to decide by a plebiscite, whether or not to form a separate sovereign state.

4. In case of acceptance of partition, agreement to be made jointly for safeguarding defence, commerce, communications, etc. The above terms to be operative only if England transferred full powers to India.

Jinnah’s Objections:

1. Jinnah wanted the Congress to accept the two-nation theory. He wanted only the Muslims of North-West and North-East to vote in the plebiscite and not the entire population.

2. He also opposed the idea of a common centre. While the Congress was ready to cooperate with the League for the independence of the Indian Union, the League did not care for independence of the Union. It was only interested in a separate nation.

Note: Hindu leaders led by Vir Savarkar also condemned the C. R. Plan.